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Career Management - Part 2


2.1  Definition

2.1.1        Career Management is the design and implementation of organizational processes which enable the careers of individuals to be planned and managed in a way that optimizes both the needs of the organization and the preferences and capabilities of individuals (Mayo, 1991).

2.1.2        Career Counseling is the method by which your supervisor, mentor or HR specialists guide you through the management of your career (Armstrong, 1998).

2.1.3        Career exploration is an individual¡¦s collection and analysis of career-related information to the effectiveness of the entire career management processes (Kossek et al, 1998).

2.1.4        Goal Setting is an objective, what you expect to achieve (Career Doctor, 2000).

2.1.5        Career Pathing is the sequence of jobs that an individual desires to undertake in order to achieve personal and career goals (Ivancevich, 1995).

2.1.6        A Mentor is specially selected and trained individuals to provide guidance and advice to help developing the careers of the ¡¥protégés¡¦ (employee) allocated to them (Armstrong, 1998).

2.1.7        Networking is developing an informal web of relationship inside and outside the company for help, advice and support (George and Cole, 1992). 

2.2  Implications

            Career management is:

¡P        a forward-looking activity, aiming at the medium and long-term concerning with potential of individuals

¡P        a backward-looking activity, only in the sense that everyone must start from where they are and try to learn from their mistakes

Hence, you should treat career management as life-long process (Figure 2.1) to foster and cultivate the shape of your working life (Peel, 1992).       

2.3    Benefits

2.3.1        Benefits for Employees

The development and planning of the career is central to self-actualization as it will contribute at the deepest level of working effectiveness, motivation, and personal fulfillment, not only improving working life but spreading into the social, leisure, family and personal spheres.

2.3.2        Benefits for the Company

Employees only give of their best when placed in the right job, given the right development and training, supported by the best management and with the most suitable opportunities for growth. (Peel, 1992) 

2.4  Career Management Process

Career management process is a joint effort of individual and organizational planning process (Mayo, 1991).  It involves matching an employee¡¦s career aspirations with the opportunities available in the company (Figure 2.2).

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